The Website Editor gratefully acknowledges the following sources of information and material contributions used in the development of the Site. Contributors vary widely in their roles, entered here once input provided has been used. The input used on this Site is grouped in the following categories: Advisors, Bibliography, Botanical Artists, Plant Photographers, Websites




Eric Aspeling, Amateur Botanist, Potchefstroom

Louis Jordaan, Amateur Naturalist, Oudtshoorn

Duncan Heath, IT Specialist and Webmaster, Hermanus

Judd Kirkel, Horticulturist, Johannesburg

Jack Lätti, Horticulturist, Melbourne, Australia





Andrew, G. (2017): Geoffrey's Anthology of the etymology of the botanical names of plants in Fernkloof Nature Reserve, Kogelberg Nature Reserve and Vogelgat Private Nature Reserve. Plant Names Explained. Printed by Whale Printing, Hermanus

Baker, H. A. and Oliver, E. G. H. (1967): Ericas in Southern Africa. Purnell, Cape Town

Batten, A. (1986): Blomme van Suider-Afrika. Frandsen Uitgewers, Sandton

Bean, A. and Johns, A. (2005): South African Wild Flower Guide 5: Stellenbosch to Hermanus. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

Blundell, M. (1987): Wildflowers of East Africa. Collins Photo Guide

Bond, P. and Goldblatt, P. (1984): Plants of the Cape Flora. Journal of SA Botany, Supplementary Volume No. 13

Botha, K (1981): The Bilingual Encyclopedia of Indoor Plants. Perskor, Johannesburg

Bromilow, C. (1995): Problem Plants of South Africa. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

Bryson, B. (2005): A Short History of Nearly Everything. Random House, Houghton

Burman, J. and Bean, A. (1985): Hottentots-Holland tot Hermanus Gids 5. Botaniese Vereniging van Suid-Afrika, Kaapstad

Capon, B. (2005): Botany for Gardeners. (Revised Edition) Timber Press, Portland

Carr, J.D. (1976): The South African Acacias. Conservation Press, Johannesburg

Carr, J.D. (1988): Combretaceae in Southern Africa. Tree Society of Southern Africa

Carruthers, V. (1990): The Magaliesberg. Southern Book Publishers, Johannesburg

Clarke, H., Mackenzie, B. (2007): Common Wild Flowers of Table Mountain. Struik Publishers, Cape Town

Coates Palgrave, K.; Revised by M. Coates Palgrave (2002): Trees of Southern Africa. C. Struik Publishers Cape Town

Codd, L.E.W. (1951): Bome en Struike van die Nasionale Kruger-Wildtuin. Die Staatsdrukker, Pretoria

Cowling, R. and Pierce, S. (1999): Namaqualand, a Succulent Desert. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg

Craib, C., Condy, G. and Ralfe, M. (2005): Grass Aloes in the South African veld. Umdaus Press, Hatfield

Curtis-Scott, O., Golding, M., Helme, N., McMaster, R., Privett, S. and Stirton, C. (2020): Field Guide to the Renosterveld of the Overberg. Struik Nature

Dean, C.M. (2005): Journey through The Living Deserts of South Africa. Dean & Associates, Coalville, England

De Jager, S. (Undated): Veld Medicine from the Klein Karoo. Drukkor Printing, George

Don, M. (1996): Around the World in 80 Gardens. Phoenix, London

Dorrat-Haaksma, E. and Linder, H.P. (2012, Second Edition): Restios of the Fynbos. Struik, Cape Town

Duncan, G. (2010): Grow Bulbs. Kirstenbosch Gardening Series

Duncan, G., Jeppe, B. and Voigt, L. (2016): The Amaryllidaceae of Southern Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield

Dyer, C. and Esterhuyse, C.J. (1988): Tree of the Year, Olea Species. Department of Environmental Affairs

Edwards, C.R. (1982): Roodepoort Trees. Wildlife Society of Southern Africa

Eliovson, S. (1962): Discovering Wild Flowers in Southern Africa. Howard Timmins, Cape Town

Eliovson, S. (1967): Proteas for Pleasure. Macmillan, Johannesburg

Eliovson, S. (1984): Wild Flowers of Southern Africa. (7th Edition) M

Eliovson, S. (1990): Namaqualand in flower. Media House Publications, Sandton

Erasmus, G. (2016): Roots in African soil. Published by the author, George

Esterhuyse, N., Von Breitenbach, J. and Söhnge, H. (2001): Remarkable Trees of South Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria

Fabian, A. (paintings) and Germishuizen, G. (text) (1982): Transvaal Wild Flowers. Macmillan Johannesburg

Fox, F.W. and Norwood Young, M.E. (1982): Food from the Veld, Edible Wild Plants of Southern Africa Botanically and Described. Delta Books, Craighall

Frandsen, R. (2017): Succulents of Southern Africa. Honeyguide Publications, Somerset West

Frankopan, P. (2023): The Earth Transformed. An Untold History. Bloomsbury, London

Frost, A.J. (1999): After the Rain. Knowledge Resources, Randburg

Funston, M. (1993): Bushveld Trees, Lifeblood of the Transvaal Lowveld. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg

Gledhill, E. (1981): Eastern Cape Veld Flowers. Department of Nature Conservation of the Cape Provincial Administration

Goldie, F. (1964): The Golden Bird. Garnet Publications, Durban

Goldblatt, P., Manning, J., Anderson, F. and Batten, A. (1998): Gladiolus in Southern Africa. Fernwood Press

Grant, R., Thomas, V. and Van Gogh, J. (2001): Sappi Tree Spotting (Lowveld). (2nd Edition) Jacana

Grenier, F. (2019): Secrets of Namaqualand Succulents. Self-published

Hankey, A. (Undated): Introduction to Aloe Identification. Unpublished

Hardy, D. and Fabian, A. (1992): Succulents of the Transvaal. Southern Book Publishers

Herre, H. (1971): The Genera of Mesembryanthemaceae. Tafelberg-uitgewers Bpk, Cape Town

Hessayon, D.G. (1983): The Tree & Shrub Expert. PBI Publications, Herts

Hey, B. (1992): A Celebration of Herbs for the South African Garden & Home. Struik, Cape Town

Hilton-Barber, D. (2016): The Saint, the Surgeon and the unsung Botanist. Footprints Press, South Africa

Holm, E. (2008): Inseklopedie van Suider-Afrika. LAPA, Pretoria

Hugo, C. (2014): Identification of indigenous cycads of South Africa. Distributed by the Author

Jeppe, B. (1969): South African Aloes. Purnell, Cape Town

Joffe, P. (2001): Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants, a South African Guide. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

Kidd, M.M. (1983): Kaapse Skiereiland. Veldblomgids van Suid-Afrika 3. Botaniese Vereniging van Suid Afrika, Kirstenbosch

Labarre, E.J. (Ed.) (1931): Mesembryanthema. L. Reeve, Ashford, England

Leistner, O.A. (Ed.) (2000): Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria

Le Roux, A. and Wahl, Z. (2005): Namaqualand - South African Wild Flower Guide 1. (Third Edition) Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

Letty, C. (1962): Wild Flowers of the Transvaal. Wild Flowers of the Transvaal Book Fund

Lhote, H. (1959): De Rotstekeningen in de Sahara. Sijthoff's Uitgeversmaatschappij, Leiden

Lowrey, T.K. and Wright, S. (Editors) (1987): The Flora of the Witwatersrand. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg

Lucas, A. and Pike, B. (1971): Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand. Purnell, Cape Town

Manning, J. (2007): Field Guide to Fynbos. Struik Nature, Cape Town

Manning, J. (2009): Field Guide to Wild Flowers of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Struik Nature, Cape Town

Manning, J. and Goldblatt, P. (1996): West Coast, South African Wild Flower Guide 7. Darling Wild Flower Society

Manning, J. and Goldblatt, P. (1997): Nieuwoudtville Bokkeveld & Hantam Guide 9. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

Marais, D. (Ed.) 2017: Fernkloof Nature Reserve. Hermanus Botanical Society

Matthews, L. and Carter, Z. (1993): Proteas of the World. Bok Books International, Durban North

McMahon, L. and Fraser, M. (1988): A Fynbos Year. David Philip, Cape Town

Moriarty, A. (1982): South African Wild Flower Guide 2: Outeniqua, Tsitsikamma and Eastern Little Karoo. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

Mostert, T.H.C. (2006): Vegetation ecology of the Soutpansberg and Blouberg Area in the Limpopo Province. PhD, Dept of Botany, Pretoria University

Mustart, P., Cowling, R., Albertyn, J. and Paterson-Jones, C. (1997): South African Wild Flower Guide 8: Southern Overberg. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

Niebuhr, A.D. (1970): Herbs of Greece. The New England Unit of the Herb Society of America

Noad, T.C. and Birnie, A. (1994): Trees of Kenya. (4th Edition) TC Noad and A Birnie, Nairobi

Norman, N. and Whitfield, G. (2006): A traveller's guide to South Africa's rocks and landforms, Geological Journeys. Struik, Cape Town

Oettlé, N., Janssen, J., Schaminée, J., Helme, N., Myeza, S. and Kuhlmann, M. (2019): A Guide to Avontuur. Environmental Monitoring Group, Cape Town

Onderstall, J. (1984): South African Wild Flower Guide 4: Transvaal Lowveld and Escarpment. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

Pakenham, T. (1996): Remarkable Trees of the World. Weidenfeld & Nicholson

Pakenham, T. (1996): Meetings with Remarkable Trees. Weidenfeld & Nicholson

Paterson-Jones, C. and Manning, J. (2007): EcoGuide Fynbos. BRIZA, Pretoria

Pienaar, A. (2008): Kruidjie roer my nie: Die antieke helingskuns van die Karoo-veld. Umuzi, Roggebaai

Pooley, E. (1993): The Complete Field Guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei. Natal Flora Publications Trust

Pooley, E. (1998): A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust

Poynton, R.J. (1975): Suid-Afrikaanse Boomgids. Tafelberg, Kaapstad

Privett, S. (2022): Grootbos Florilegium. Quivertree Publications, Rondebosch

Privett, S. and Lutzeyer, H. (2010): Grootbos Nature Reserve and the Walker Bay region. The Grootbos Foundation

Rice, E.G. and Compton, R.H. (1950): Wild Flowers of the Cape of Good Hope. The Botanical Society of South Africa, Kirstenbosch

Riëtte (2016): Aardvark to Zebra, Questions and Answers. Published by Riëtte,

Riley, H.P. (1963): Families of Flowering Plants of Southern Africa. University of Kentucky Press

Robbertse, K., Stuart, A. and Jeffs, W.A. (1972): Tuingids vir die hele jaar. Muller & Retief, Pretoria

Roberts, Margaret (1990): Indigenous Healing Plants. Southern Book Publishers

Rourke, J.P. (1980): The Proteas of South Africa. Purnell, Cape Town

Rycroft, B. (1975): Pride of South Africa, Kirstenbosch. Purnell, South Africa

Rycroft, H.B. (1980): Tsitsikamma Trees. National Parks Board of Trustees of South Africa

Scott, C.L. (1985): The Genus Haworthia, a Taxonomic Revision. Aloe Books, Johannesburg

Seagrief, S.C. (1967): The Seaweeds of the Tsitsikama Coastal National Park. National Parks Board of the Republic of South Africa

Shearing, D. (text) and Van Heerden, K. (1994): South African Wild Flower Guide 6: Karoo. Botanical Society of South Africa

Smith, G.F., Chesselet, P., Van Jaarsveld, E.J., Hartmann, H., Hammer, S. Van Wyk, B.-E., Burgoyne, P., Klak, C. and Kurzwell, H. (1998): Mesembs of the World. Briza Publications, Arcadia

Smith, G.F. and Crouch, N.R. (2009): Guide to Succulents of Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town

Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R. and Figueiredo, E. (2017): Field Guide to Succulents in Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town

Smith, G.F., Van Jaarsveld, E.J., Arnold, T.H., Steffens, F.E., Dixon, R.D. and Retief, J.A. (Editors) (1997): List of Southern African Succulent Plants. Umdaus, Pretoria

Steyn, M.H. (1994): S.A. Acacias, Identification Guide.

Stoneman, B. (1928): Plants and their ways in South Africa. Longmans, Green and Co., London

Trauseld, W.R. (1969): Wild Flowers of the Natal Drakensberg. Purnell, Cape Town

Tredgold, M.H. (illustrations), Biegel, M. (text) and Childes, S.L. (revision) (1996): Zimbabwe’s Wild Flowers. National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe

Tree Society of South Africa (1974): Trees and Shrubs of the Witwatersrand. (Third Edition) Witwatersrand University Press

Vahrmeijer, J. (1981): Poisonous Plants of Southern Africa that cause Stock Losses. Tafelberg, Cape Town

Van der Spuy, U. (1976): Southern African Shrubs and Trees for the Garden. Hugh Keartland Publishers, Johannesburg

Van Gogh, J. and Jacana Education (1997): Sappi Tree Spotting: Lowveld. Jacana, Johannesburg

Van Gogh, J. and Anderson, J. (1988): Trees and Shrubs of the Witwatersrand. Struik, Cape Town

Van Jaarsveld, E., Van Wyk, B-E. and Smith G. (2006): Vetplante van Suid-Afrika. Sunbird Publishers, Cape Town

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. and van Wyk, E. (1991): Gids tot Grasse van Suid-Afrika. Briza Publications, Pretoria

Van Rooyen, N. and Van Rooyen, G. (2019): Flowering plants of the Southern Kalahari. Self-published

Van Wyk, A.E. and Malan, S.J. (1998): Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Highveld. Struik, Cape Town

Van Wyk, B-E. and Gericke, N. (2007): People’s Plants, A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria

Van Wyk, B-E. and Smith, G. (2003): Guide to the Aloes of South Africa. (Second Edition) BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

Van Wyk, B-E., Van Oudtshoorn, B. and Gericke, N. (1997): Medicinal Plants of South Africa. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

Van Wyk, P. (1986): Veldgids tot die Bome van die Nasionale Krugerwildtuin. Struik, Cape Town

Van Wyk, P. (1993): Southern African Trees, A Photographic Guide. Struik, Cape Town

Venter, F. and Venter, J-A. (1996) Making the most of Indigenous Trees. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. (2010): Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield

Von Breitenbach, F. and Von Breitenbach, J. (1995): National List of Indigenous Trees. Third, revised edition, Dendrological Foundation

Williamson, G. (2010): Richtersveld, The Enchanted Wilderness. Umdaus Press

Wilsenach, R. (1995): Trees of the Bushveld. Benedic Books, Pretoria


Botanical Artists


Barbara Pretorius, Artist (specialising in plant drawing), Hermanus, Western Cape, who must be contacted for permission prior to downloading any of her work

Daleen Roodt, Botanical Artist

Plant Photographers


Most contributors of photos used as listed here are amateur photographers with an interest in plants unless indicated otherwise.  In the Album section, main body of this Site, their names are given. 

The text added there is so far all written by the Site Editor who takes responsibility for the content.


Alet Steyn, Potchefstroom

Alexis Laurence, Bill Harrop Balloon Safaris, Hekpoort

Andy de Wet, Aloe Grower, Hartebeespoortdam

Ann Lamprecht, Hoekwil

Annette Raaff, Hartebeestfontein Conservancy, Hekpoort, Gauteng

Anton Potgieter, Horticulturist, Langkloof

Boet Venter, Hermanus

Braam van Wyk, Botanist, Pretoria

Charl Theron, Lawyer, Cape Town

Coreen Krige, Stellenbosch

Dorette Potgieter, Actress, Cape Town

Emari Linde, Physicist, United Kingdom

Elsa du Plessis, Pretoria

Elsa Gouws, Artist, Cape Town

Erhan Uludag, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Eric Aspeling, Naturalist, Limpopo

Francois Krige, Botanist, Gauteng

Fransa Cole, Rhenosterspruit Nature Conservancy, Gauteng

Gary Taylor, Australia

Grant Wareham, Business Executive, Tokai, Cape Town

Hendrik van Zijl, Nieuwoudtville

Hildegard Crous, Botanist, Barrydale, Western Cape

Ivan Lätti, Operation Wildflower, Onrus, Website Editor

Jack Lätti, Horticulturist, Melbourne, Australia

Jans van Wyk

Jean Vermeiren, Chef, Gordons Bay

Johan Kruger, Johannesburg

Johan Wentzel, Geologist and Nurseryman, Ifafi, North West Province

Johannes Vogel, Professional Photographer, Johannesburg

Jonathan Honeyborne, Wildlife Tour Guide, Cape

Judd Kirkel, Garden Designer, Horticulturist, Succulent Society, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

Jurgens Willson, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

Leila Mitrani, Cape Town

Leo Thamm, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

Lorraine Vermeulen, Johannesburg 

Louis Jordaan, Naturalist and Ecologist, Oudtshoorn

Louise King, Naturalist, Cape

Mariska Victor, Hospitality Industry, Western Cape

Martin Etsebeth, Photographer, Sandbaai

MC Botha, Author, Onrusrivier

Mercia Komen, Website Designer, Naturalist, Gauteng

Neville Attridge, Cape Town

Nigel Cottle, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg 

Piet Grobler, Conservationist, Phalaborwa

Philip van Heerden, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

Ras Oosthuizen, Film Producer, Kammanassie

Retha Wareham, Cape Town

Ricky Mauer, Psychologist, Pretoria

Riku Lätti, Musician, Strand

Sam van der Merwe, Joubertina

Suzet Burger Meyer, Johannesburg

Thabo Maphisa, Zwelihle

Thijs Nel, Artist, Oudtshoorn 

Uri Mitrani, Cape Town

West van der Vyver, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg